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Jersey City - ajalugu

Jersey City - ajalugu


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Jersey City


Hampton Court Terrace: Jersey City ja#8217s Handsomest Street ajalugu

Hampton Court Terrace, Jersey City

Nagu kogu suur kunst, kajastab arhitektuur möödunud sajandite saladusi ja pakub akna nende inimeste kultuuri ja ajalukku, kes tulid enne meid. Rikkaliku ajaloo poolest tuntud Jersey City kõige ikoonilisemad hooned ja seal elanud inimesed annavad ainulaadse ülevaate sellest, kuidas linn, mida oleme tundma õppinud ja armastanud, aastate jooksul arenenud. Dixon Leasing mõistab, et iga ajalooline kinnisvara aitab kaasa Jersey City loole. Seetõttu teeme kõik endast oleneva, et taastada või taasluua arhitektuurilised elemendid, mis muudavad iga kodu ainulaadseks. Liituge meiega, kui teeme reisi läbi ajaloo ja vaatame Jersey Digsiga jätkuva koostöös mõne Jersey City kauni hoone fassaadi taha.

Selles esimeses osas tutvustame teid läbi ainulaadse kodude komplekti Hampton Court Terrace'il, mis on üks vähestest tänavatest riigis, kus on järjestikku nummerdatud majad samal tänaval.

Tutvuge Hampton Courti terrassiga: seitsme ridaelamu komplekt, mis asub Jersey linna Van Vorsti naabruses ja on tuntud oma eristuvate fassaadide ja kaunite arhitektuurielementide poolest. Need kodud, mis on ehitatud 1880. aastal, ilmusid õhtuses ajalehes Jersey City ja neid kirjeldati järgmiselt: „Linna ilusaimad ja unikaalsemad hooned… Kitsas esikülg harmoneerub kaunilt nende hoonete kaasaegse gooti stiiliga ja seitse maja terrass on nii segunenud, et näeks välja nagu üks sümmeetriline tervik. ”

19. sajandi lõpus oli gooti taaselustamisstiil populaarne nii Ameerika Ühendriikides kui ka Inglismaal, andes selle kodude komplekti arhitektuurilisele mõjule. Need terrassid või ridaelamud, nagu neid osariikides sagedamini nimetatakse, on selle ajaperioodi arhitektuuriga silmatorkavad sarnasused, esitades punast tooni tellistest fassaadid valge kivi detailidega. Kuid Hampton Courti kodudes on selle ridaelamute komplekti jaoks spetsiaalsed täiendused. Kõikidel on uhked kaunistused, mida on näha fassaadi ainulaadsetel plaatimistöödel ja detailid, mida kasutatakse Mansardi katuste tippudel.

Inglise terrassimajad sarnases stiilis

Hampton Court'i kodude esialgsed ehitajad ja omanikud olid Paulmiers, perekond, mille juured ulatuvad Jersey City asutamisse. Lühike tänavaosa on tõenäoliselt nime saanud Londoni lossi Thamesis asuva Hampton Courti järgi, kuna Paulmierite perekonnal olid sügavad sidemed Inglismaaga. Susan Paulmier omandas esmakordselt maad, millele Hampton Court Terrace asutati, 52 000 dollari eest (umbes samaväärne tänapäeval 800 000 dollariga) ning mitu aastakümmet kuulusid need kodud Paulmiersile ja anti lõpuks nende lastele. Ühel hetkel jagati seitse kodu Susani tütarde vahel, 1, 2 ja 3 said Cornelia E. Paulmier, 4 ja 5 Jennie Paulmier ja ülejäänud Lily Paulmier. Aja jooksul abiellusid kõik kolm õde ja hakkasid oma pärandvara müüma. Aastaks 1910 olid kõik Paulmiersile kuulunud kodud müüdud.

1873. aasta Hampton Court Terrace'i kaart

Alates aastast 1910 kolisid nendesse kinnistutesse sisse ja sealt välja erineva kultuuritaustaga inimesed, kelle ametid ulatusid arstidest detektiivideni. Vaadates üksikasjalikult neid, kes elasid nendes Hampton Courti kodudes, hakkame mõistma Jersey City muutuvat demograafiat aja jooksul.

1900ndate lõpus kuulusid Hampton Courti kodud peamiselt üksikutele peredele koos elava teenistusega. Enamik sündis Ameerikas, samas kui enamik nende teenijatest olid sisserändajad. Mõne aastakümne jooksul toimub aga märgatav nihe nende inimeste arvus ja tüübis, kes muudavad Hampton Courti oma koduks. Üksikute perede asemel laieneks elanike arv ühe kodu kohta, kusjuures enamus eluasemeid on igal ajal kaheksa kuni kümme elanikku, kellest umbes pooled elavad laudana. Aastate edenedes see suundumus pöördus ja enamikust Hampton Courtist on saanud taas ühepereelamud.

1 Hampton Courti terrass

Täna kutsume teid uudistama kahte Cornelia majutusasutust - 1 ja 2 Hampton Court Terrace'i, mille Dixon Leasing omandas 2013. aastal. Barrow ja Wayne Streeti nurgal asuv 1 Hampton Court Terrace on Jersey City elanike tähelepanu köitnud juba ammu. külastajaid nii uimastavate Orieli akende, Mansardi katuse kui ka dekoratiivsete kaunistuste kaudu. Peaaegu täiuslikult segunenud 1 Hampton Courti fassaadiga, on selle õde number 2, millel on samad kaunid nüansid.

2 Hampton Courti terrass

Need kodud on alles hiljuti naasnud oma endisesse hiilgusse pärast 1900ndate aastate jooksul lagunemist. Üksikasjalikku tähelepanu pöörati detailidele, et taastada mõlema kodu sise- ja välisilme originaalelemendid, samas lisati uuendatud mugavusi, et praegused ja tulevased elanikud saaksid nautida kaasaegset elamist kodudes, mis hõlmavad endiselt täiuslikult viktoriaanliku ajastu suundumusi. Nii 1. kui ka 2. Hampton Courtis leiavad külastajad täiuslikult restaureeritud algupärased salongiuksed, trepid ja kaminasüdamikud, millest igaüks pakub pilgu Paulmier ehitus- ja disainiesteetikale. Täiendavad säilitustööd hõlmavad männipuidust põrandate ja antiiksete valgustusseadmete taastamist 2 Hampton Courtis, samuti 1 Hampton Court'i Orieli akna asendamist, mis oli 1950. aastatel eemaldatud.

Kuigi nii 1 kui 2 Hampton Court Terrace on praegu turult väljas, kutsume teid Dixon Leasingu kaudu kodusid ise vaatama. Vaadake 1 Hampton Court'i siin ja tehke virtuaalne ekskursioon 2 Hampton Court'i siin. Ootame jagama rohkem huvitavaid lugusid inimestest, kohtadest ja hoonetest, mis muudavad Jersey City nii ainulaadseks. Järgmise korrani…

Kas teil on sellele loole midagi lisada? Saatke e -kiri [email  protected].

Klõpsake siin, et registreeruda Jersey Digsi tasuta meilide ja uudiste hoiatuste saamiseks. Olge kursis Jersey Digsi Twitteris ja Instagramis ning meeldige meile Facebookis.


Sisu

Long Kongressitänaval ja Paterson Planki teel laskub Hudson-Bergeni kergraudtee 9. tänava-kongressitänava jaama. [6] Mountain Ave [7] ja New York Ave [8] on kaks tänavat, mis kulgevad mööda kaljude nägu. New Jersey transiidi bussiliinid 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87 ja 88 ning teenindavad linnaosa kohapeal Põhja -Hudsoni ja Journal Squareni, samas kui 123 ja 125 jätkavad ka Port Authority bussijaama (PABT). Piirkonda teenindab ka New Jersey transiit 119 Bayonne PABT -sse Journal Square'i ja Central Avenue kaudu.

Heights oli osa Uus -Hollandi Pavonia kolooniast, mille superintendent oli Van Vorstide perekonna Ameerika patriarh. Perekonna 1742. aastal ehitatud Van Vorsti maja (praegu Palisade puiesteel) peetakse Hudsoni maakonna vanimaks hooneks. Summit Avenue, veidi lääne pool, järgib Hackensacki India rada, millest sai peatee Communipawi ja Bergeni küladest ning mis lõpuks ühendati Patersoni ja Hackensacki plankateedega. [9]

Piirkond, mis hõlmas enamikku kõrgustest, oli kunagi iseseisev vald, mida tunti Hudsoni linna nime all. See inkorporeeriti linnaks 1852. aastal ja hiljem linnaks 1855. aastal. Oaklandi avenüüle püstitatud raekoda seisab tänaseni. Garrett D. Van Reipen oli selle linna esimene linnapea. [10] (NY Timesi andmetel oli E.R.V Wright Hudsoni linna esimene linnapea. [11]) Hudson City koos Bergeni linna ja Greenville'i linnaga ühinesid 1873. aastal Jersey Cityga. [10]

27. märtsil 1868 sai Hudsoni linn oma kuulsaima nimekaimu - uue Hudsoni linna hoiupanga - sünnikohaks, kui ta sai New Jersey osariigi seadusandjalt spetsiaalse harta, et avada toonane väike Hudsoni linn, New Jersey . Hudsoni linnapea Garrett D. Van Reipen sai Newarki avenüül asuva väikese panga esimeseks presidendiks. [10] 19. sajandi lõpuks oli Hudsoni linna hoiupangal kogunenud varasid ja hoiuseid üle miljoni USA dollari. 1920. aastatel avas hoiupank oma teise filiaali ja kolis Newarki avenüüst Jersey Citys asuvasse 587 Summit Avenue'i ning kolis hiljem oma peakorteri Bergeni maakonda.

Ameerika esimene filmitööstus võib oma juured otsida New Jersey Hudsoni jõe linnadest, eriti Fort Lee'st. [12] Nestor Studios (mis ühines Universal Studios) sai alguse Bayonnest. Pathé, Prantsusmaal asuv ettevõte, mis oli 20. sajandi esimesel poolel maailma suurim filmitehnika- ja tootmisettevõte, rajas 1910. aastal The Heightsisse Ameerika tehase ja stuudiorajatise, mille hoone seisab siiani vaatega Paterson Plankile. Tee. Samuti asutas ta nii Ameerika kui ka Euroopa toote tütarettevõtteks Eclectic Film Company. Ehkki Jersey City tehas tootis mõõdukalt populaarseid komöödiaid, draamasid ja uudistefilme, mis olid suures osas suunatud USA turule, Pauline'i ohud oli esimene Ameerikas tehtud Pathé püüdlus saavutada eklektilise lipu all ülemaailmset edu. [13] [14] [15]

Jersey City avalikud koolid haldavad piirkonna avalikke koole.

Newarki roomakatoliku peapiiskopkond haldab katoliku koole. St. Anne kool asus Jersey City Heightsis ja avati 1904. aastal. [16] Selle õpilaste arv vähenes 2011. aastal 33 võrra ja suurenes 2012. aastal 22 võrra. James Carroll, Jersey linna politseiosakonna liige ja kooli liige juhatus, teatas Carroll, et 2011. aasta langus oli tingitud sellest, et vanemad kartsid kooli sulgemist. [17] 2011. aastal kaalus peapiiskopkond kooli sulgemist, kuid raha kogumisel koguti piisavalt raha, et see lahti hoida. [16] See suleti 2012. aastal. [17] Sel aastal asusid hoones ajutiselt Hobokeni hartakooli K-8 klassid, kuna tšarterkooli tavaline K-8 hoone põles. [18]


Jersey City - ajalugu

Van Vorsti mõis
Jersey City Kelle köögi samm oli "Vabaduse nurgakivi"

Cornelius Van Vorst oli vanade patroonide järeltulija. Tema isa “Faddy” Van Vorst oli koloniaalaegade ühiskonnas üsna tähelepanuväärne tegelane, osaliselt tänu sellele, et ta omandas eraõigusliku raja Harsimusel, mis toona rõõmustas New Yorgi sportlikke härrasmehi. Cornelius Van Vorst sai oma maitse rikkaliku väljapaneku järele, mis oli ebatavaline ajal, mil kõikjal Põhja -osariikides oli kombeks olla "Faddy", kellest on märgitud, et ta oli heade hobuste ja peenete riiete armastaja. elamine oli suhteliselt lihtne. Häärberi interjöör oma tohutute ruudukujuliste ruumidega köitis riigi esimeste käsitööliste tähelepanu. Lai esik oli plaaditud marmoriga, seinad olid riputatud Prantsusmaalt pärit damastpaberitega, Veneetsiast imporditud aknaklaasid ja lühtrid ning uksed kaunistatud kindlate hõbedaste kaunistustega, mis kõik meenutavad majas siiani.

Seal, mõnevõrra eemal Jersey Cityst ja osaliselt ümbritsetud lopsaka rabamaa ja kitsaste metsaribadega, mida kroonisid Bergeni mäed, õitses perekond midagi selle kadunud rassi stiilis, mida tuntakse vanade lõunamaa istutajate nime all. Cornelius Van Vorsti kohta öeldakse, et talle meeldisid lõunamaa inimesed väga ja kuigi see on kummaline fakt, on siiski tõsi, et paljud allpool Masoni ja Dixoni joont elavad elanikud leidsid tee Jersey Citysse nii enne kui ka pärast seda. pärast kodusõda. Kõige silmapaistvamate hulka kuulusid Lõuna -Carolina bacotid, kellest üks abiellus Van Vorstide perekonna teise haruga, ja Virginia Greenes, kes tõid endaga kaasa üsna musta mustade teenijate koosseisu. Üks vanaaegne kentucklane, kes oli piisavalt ilus ja silmapaistev, et olla rivaal Sally Wardile, „Lõuna kuningannale” oma linnas, mäletab selgelt Van Vorsti mõisa ja selle suure aia välimust aastal 1850. , kui vaadata ühe vana omnibussi aknast, siis linnas populaarne transpordiliik. Ta jutustab, et külastas hiljem selle uudishimu, köögi sammu, mis meelitas nii palju inimesi Van Vorsti aiaväravasse, kuhu aednik, kurvastades, ei lubanud enamikku neist sisse.

Sellest kuulsast kivist on kirjutatud väga vähe, kuigi see oli Bowling Greeni kuningas George III ratsasamba pjedestaal, mille „tori uhkus ja rumalus” tõstis esile 1770. aastal. The New York Journal, 31. mai aastal, mainib lühidalt fakti, et „laev„ Britannia ”on saabunud tema Majesteedi ja hr Pitti, praeguse Chathami krahvi kujuga”. Mõni kuu hiljem püstitati esimene kuju Broadway jalamile Bowling Greenile, kuid tema Majesteedi aristokraatlikud jooned, nende kuldlehekatte alla. ei pakkunud linna elanike isamaalisele osale suurt rõõmu. Tema nägu, mida nad alguses arvasid "lihtsaks ja idioodiks", hakkas iseseisvuse sära all türannlikuna tunduma, ja i 776 suvel, revolutsiooni avamisel, "Vabaduse pojad", ei suutnud seda enam taluda. kullatud au, pani kokku isamaaliste kodanike bändi ja häkkis selle klubide ja luukidega tükkideks. Kindral Washington ei kiitnud seda mässumeelset lähivõitlust väga heaks ja juhtis oma üldistes korraldustes, et sõdurid „väldivad selliseid asju” ja jätavad need täideviimiseks.

Pliid oli sõja esimesel aastal väga vähe ja kõik tema kuningliku kõrguse aadlifotograafia osad koguti kokku ja transporditi Connecticuti osariiki Litchfieldi, kus linna daamid koloneli Wegglesworthi rügemendi abiga need kuulideks muutsid. Sel korral abistanud sõdurid on avatud laiskusele, sest kuberner Walcotti ainulaadse nimekirja järgi on „nelikümmend kaks tuhat” naistele ja kolmsada rügemendile.

Kuhu kadus siis kuju alus, umbes viie ja poole jala pikkune ja nelja tolli paksune Portlandi marmorist kivi, pole teada. Mõni aasta hiljem leidis see tee Paulus Hooki juurde kui Briti armee major John Smithi hauakivi, kes maeti vana Püha Matteuse koha lähedusse, Sussexi tänavale, mis oli Jersey linna esimene inglise kirik. . Kui Jersey Associates 1804. aastal selle tänava tasandas, pöörasid mõned töömehed hauakivi ümber ja müüsid selle Cornelius Van Vorsti isale. Väidetavalt kasutas ta seda rannaäärse vana Van Vorsti mõisa köögisammuna. Tema surma järel läks see tema poja valdusse, kes hindas selle huvi, muutes selle üheks oma aia vaatamisväärsuseks, nagu on märgitud vana Jersey City möödunud aastaraamatus. Veidi enne seda, kui Cornelius Van Vorst oma Jersey City kinnisvara Edge perele müüs, sai ta köögisammu eest suure rahasumma pakkumise major Smithi järeltulijalt, kelle hauale see oli märgitud paar rahulikku aastat. Pakkumine lükati tagasi, kuna ta eelistas hoida Ameerikas oma “vabaduse nurgakivi”, nagu tal oli kombeks seda nimetada. Oma häärberist väljaviimisel lasi ta selle maa seest välja kaevata ja saata New Yorgi ajalooühingule, mille ruumides on kõik, mis alles on George III kullatud kuju. saab avalikkusele täna vaadata. Sellel on endiselt tema Majesteedi rooli märgid ja major Smithi epitaaf, mis on järgmine:
Major John Smithi mälestuseks
XLII. või kuninglik mägismaarügement,
kes suri 25. juulil 1768,
omaealise 48. aastal
See kivi on püstitatud
Selle rügemendi vaprate ohvitseride poolt.
Tema vaprust, suuremeelsust ja inimlikkust ajal
auväärne teenistus 29 aastat
armastas teda sõduritele, oma tuttavatele ja
Sõbrad.
See on tõepoolest üllas kroonika, mis tähistab iga vapra sõduri hauakivi, ja seda lugedes ei saa jätta mõtlemata lahkelt punase mantli peale, kes kunagi magas Inglismaa kõige südamest vihatud kuninga varjus.

Van Vorsti mõisa traditsioonide hulgas on üks kord, ilma suurema aluseta, et Henry Clay seal kunagi peatus. Henry Clay oleks New Yorki teel olles võib -olla Jersey Citys lühikest aega käinud, sest linna lõunapoolse koloonia hulgas oli mitmeid, keda ta oma sõprade hulka kuulus, kuid nad oleksid sellest kindlasti teadnud. Varem mainitud vana kentucklane sai temaga hästi tuttavaks sõjaeelsetel päevadel, kui lõunamaade silmapaistvam poeg oli major Throckmortoni režiimi ajal kullaajal Gault'i maja sagedane külaline ja jutustab veetlevaid lugusid oma seismisest Gault House'i saalis õhtusöögi ajal ja sosistades lõbusale publikule daamide sotsiaalset staatust, kui nad trepist alla laskusid, õppides sukkade värvi järgi, mis paistis nende satiinsussidega jalgade kohal, ja jälle suudlustest, mida ta igalt inimeselt nõudis tema lähedase tuttava neiu ja matroon, kui ta pärast kahe nädala möödumist Ashlandis hotellist tagasi jõudis, kuid ta ei mäleta, et ta oleks kunagi Jersey Citysse tulnud, ja ta oleks kindlasti seda mälestust teadnud ja väärtustanud.

Perekond Edge, kellele järgnesid Van Vorstid, põlvnevad sageli kirjutatud ja pildil kujutatud Edge'i tuuleveski omanikest, varase linna omapärane maamärk, mis hävitati 1839. aastal, et teha ruumi New Jersey raudteeradadele. Edge'i tuuleveski püstitas Isaac Edge 1806. aastal. Perekonna traditsioonide kohaselt saatis selle isa osade kaupa Inglismaalt Derbyshire'ist, kingituseks poja edu saavutamiseks uues maailmas. Preili M. Louise Edge'i valduses on üks vanadest pearaamatutest, mida kasutas Isaac Edge. Raamatupidamist peeti inglise valuutas kuni 1816. aastani ja paljud kirjed on väga huvitavad. 1812. aasta sõja ajal müüdi veskis jahu kaheksateistkümne dollari eest barreli eest ja New Yorgis tõi leib lausa kolm šillingit.

Edge perekonna kodu sisemuses ja välisilmes on staatilisuse õhku, millega konkureerivad vähesed New Jersey majad, ning selles sisalduvad paljud antiikesemed ja ajaloolised suveniirid annavad sellele teatavat kuulsust, mis tal kunagi oli, kui see nüüd hävitati aias oli "vabaduse nurgakivi".


Ajalooline Jersey linnahoone, mille lammutamisoht on seotud linnapea Frank Haagiga

1930. aastatest kuni 1970. aastate alguseni kuulus 500 Communipaw Avenue'le Jersey City linnapea Frank Hague'i suurima vastase John Longo perekond. Pilt Google Mapsi/tänavavaate kaudu.

Jersey linna maamärkide kaitseala nõuab Bergen-Lafayette'i ristmiku ajaloolise hoone säilitamist, mis on seotud Jersey linna linnapea Haagi ajastu poliitika ja kultuurilooga.

Kuulamine on kavandatud neljapäeval, 25. veebruaril kell 18.30 Jersey City tsoonide nõukogu ees, kus Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy soovitab kaitsta aadressil 500 – 504 Communipaw Avenue asuvat hoonet lammutamise eest. See 1920ndatel ehitatud Art Deco stiilis hoone asub Bergen-Lafayette'i ristmikul. Teie avalikud kommentaarid selle ajaloolise struktuuri säilitamise poolt on olulised. Kuulamisel osalemise üksikasjad on allpool.

Ainsana art deco stiilis inspireeritud ärihoonena, mis jääb ristmikku, on see selle kaubanduspiirkonna eduka mineviku oluline sümbol. Selle hoone ajalooline tähtsus ulatub aga sügavamale kui selle fassaad, seostes Jersey City poliitilise ja kultuurilise minevikuga. Communipaw Avenue 500 hoone viimane äriline kasutus oli kogukonnas tuntud mustanahaliste omanduses olev ettevõte, mida nimetatakse Junction Kitchen/Junction Fishery.

Ajalooline postkaart The Junction, Jersey City. Pildi viisakalt Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy.

Joyce Willis, piirkonna elanik alates 1958. aastast, mälestab Junctionist häid mälestusi. "See oli teismelistele turvaline koht hangoutiks ja suhtlemiseks. Brummeri jäätisekohvik oli lapsepõlves ristmiku tipphetk, ”mäletab ta. Brummer's oli avatud aastatel 1904–1989 aadressil 731 Grand Street, kus asub Taylori kindlustusagentuur. Brummer’s kolis kaupluse Westfieldi, NJ ja sulges selle asukoha juulis 2020. Perekond Brummer omas Junctionis mitmeid kinnistuid. Roscoe Taylor ostis algse Brummeri hoone 1996. aastal ja on sellest ajast alates Taylori kindlustusagentuuri juhtinud.

Roscoe Taylor jagab oma esimest päeva ristmikul elades: "Ma elasin Jersey City erinevates osades ja kolisin 4. aprillil 1968, päeval, mil Martin Luther King Junior mõrvati, 727 Grand Streetile." Hoone oli seal, kus vaba ruum on, kolmnurga taga koos malelaudade ja pinkidega. „Töötasin Tom Pakidisele kuuluva Peacock Realty kindlustuses. Kontor asus aadressil 494 Communipaw Avenue, Sabor Mixteca Taqueria kõrval, kus asub Red Door Realty konverentsiruum. Rackley polster asus seal, kus praegu asub Red Door Realty peamine kontoripind. Lõpuks ostsin ettevõtte Pakidiselt ja avasin oma kindlustusagentuuri. ” Willis lisab: „Tom Pakidis oli Kool ja Gangi esimene bändijuht.

Ajalooline postkaart The Junction, Jersey City. Pildi viisakalt Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy.

Willis jätkab: „Mu isa käis varem Field's Barbershopis aadressil 490 Communipaw Avenue, kus West Kee's Barbershop praegu asub. Seal oli ka Round Up, kus praegu asub 747 Suure tänava hoone. Nad serveerisid piimakokteile, hamburgereid ja hot doge. Vanemaks saades läksin igal reedel Junction Fisherysse aadressil 500 Communipaw Avenue. Neil oli parim lõunamaine stiil, praetud kala. Mildred, omanik võtab teie tellimuse vastu ja praeb selle otse teie ees. ”

„Dino’s restoran asus ühekorruselises ruumis aadressil 737 Grand Street, kuhu pesumaja hiljuti laienes. Junction oli omamoodi muusikute keskus. Mõnikord oli keegi oma korteris harjutamas või live -esinemine Junction Lounge'is, mis asus aadressil 488 Communipaw Avenue, kus sordipood asub Prescotti nurgas. Mäletan alati, et kuulsin Junctionis muusikat, ”lõpetab Taylor.

1938. aasta pilt 500 Communipaw Avenue'st. Pildi viisakalt Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy.

Jersey linna maamärkide kaitseala (JCLC) usub, et ristmikul on Jersey City ajaloos oluline koht ja 500 Communipaw Avenue hoone pole erand.

John Gomez, ajalooline säilitamise ekspert, endine juhatuse liige ja JCLC asutaja, teadis hoone ajaloost. Seejärel konsulteeris JCLC ajaloolise säilitamise konsultandi Ulana Zakalakiga Zakalak Associates'ist, et saada aruanne täiendavate faktide kohta, mis muudavad 500 – 504 Communipaw Avenue ajalooliselt oluliseks. Zakalak oli Beaconi (endine Jersey City meditsiinikeskus) arhitektuurikonservator üle kümne aasta. Samuti töötas ta kirglikult, et kaitsta teiste projektide hulgas ka Summit Avenue'i Püha Johni kirikut ja Jersey Citys Monmouth Streetil asuvat St. Anthony of Padua kirikut.

1930. aastatest kuni 1970. aastate alguseni kuulus 500 Communipaw Avenue John Longo perekonnale, kes kasvas üles ja juhtis hoones mitmeid organisatsioone, sealhulgas Longo Assotsiatsiooni. Longo oli Jersey linnapea Frank Hague'i suurim vastane. Longo ja ühendus tegid mitmeid katseid Jersey Haagi linna vabastamiseks. Ühing oli tuntud ka linna heaolu edendamise ja kogukonna abistamise poolest. Jersey City Community Chest oli katusorganisatsioon 25 ameti ümber asuvale asutusele, mis aitaks abivajavaid kaaskodanikke.

Aastal 1937, püüdes Haagi võimu lammutada, pani Longo demokraatide eelvalimiseks Haagi-vastase kiltkivi kokku. Haag maksis Longo jõupingutustele kätte, kui ta vahistati võltsitud süüdistustega ebaseaduslike nimedega petitsioonide esitamises, et siseneda opositsiooni piletisse demokraatide eelvalimistel. Prokuratuur ei esitanud tõendeid nende avalduste esitamise kohta, kuid Haagi määratud kohtunik mõistis Longo üheksaks kuuks Hudsoni maakonna vanglakaristusse Secaucuses. Seal pidi ta haamriga kive lõhkuma. Haag valiti uuesti tagasi. J. Owen Grundy, Longo tolleaegne parim sõber, korraldas Longole vanglast vabanedes pidupäeva.

Haag arreteeris Longo 1943. aastal uuesti süüdistatuna oma 1941. aasta eelvalimiste registreerimiskaardi muutmises. Lõpuks vabastati Longo süüdistustest. Hoolimata Haagi tekitatud takistustest, jätkas Longo võitlust tema tagandamiseks. Samuti sai ta üha suuremat toetust Aafrika-Ameerika elanikelt, et liituda temaga liikumises „Puhas maja-lõhkuda Haagi bossism”.

Longo ühing toetas Jersey linnavalitsuse muutmist komisjonivormist linnapea-nõukogu plaaniks. Assotsiatsioon nõudis, et igal juhul ei lubataks Haagil pärast valitsuse vormi muutmist linnapeaks kandideerida, enne kui nad toetaksid linnapea-nõukogu plaani. Samuti kiitsid nad heaks vabariiklaste osariigi komissari Joshua Ringle linnapeaks, vabadusliikumise isa James J. Creegani või linnapea John R. Longo.

John Longo oli üks tähtsamaid poliitilisi tegelasi Jersey Citys 1930ndatest kuni 1960ndateni ning peamine vastane ametisolevale linnapeale Frank Hague'ile. Hoone aadressil 500 – 504 Communipaw Avenue on tunnistus John Longost ja tema kirest puhta valitsuse vastu. See hoone oli koduks veerand sajandit olulisele kohalikule kodanikuühendusele, millel oli oluline roll Jersey City poliitilises ajaloos. Longo organisatsioon suutis Jim Crow'i aastatel kõik Jersey City elanikud kokku viia, et alistada linnapea.

Palun toetage Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy jõupingutusi selle ajaloolise hoone kaitsmiseks aadressil 500 Communipaw Avenue, avaldades sel neljapäeval tsoneerimisnõukogu kuulamisel avaliku kommentaari.

Zoning Boardi kuulamine ja#8211 apellatsioonkaebus 500 Communipaw Avenue säilitamiseks

Neljapäeval, 25. veebruaril kell 18.30

Hostitud Zoom.com video-/telefonikonverentskõnes veebis aadressil https://us02web.zoom.us/j/83520454971

Saatke meile e -kiri aadressil [email  protected] ja lisage see meie e -posti loendisse ning värskenduste kohta 500 Communipaw Avenue säilitamise kohta. Jersey linna maamärkide kaitseala kohta lisateabe saamiseks külastage veebisaiti www.jclandmarks.org.

Külastage www.jclandmarks.org Jersey linna maamärkide kaitse toetamiseks uurige juhatuse liikmeks saamist või annetage.

Kas teil on sellele loole midagi lisada? Saatke e -kiri [email  protected].

Klõpsake siin, et registreeruda Jersey Digsi tasuta meilide ja uudiste hoiatuste saamiseks. Olge kursis Jersey Digsi Twitteris ja Instagramis ning meeldige meile Facebookis.


Patchi reaalajas värskenduste abil saate teada, mis toimub Jersey Citys.

  1. Algselt nimetati seda kaunistamise päevaks: Meenutades veterane, kes hukkusid sõjaväeteenistuses mai lõpus, pärineb aastast 1868, mil kindral John A. Logan kutsus mälestuspäevale, et austada vaid paar aastat varem lõppenud kodusõja ajal lahingus kaotatud põhjapoolsete elude mälestuspäeva, andmetel History.com. Logan nimetas seda "dekoratsioonipäevaks", mida ta oli tuntud juba mitu aastat. Aja möödudes nimetas üha rohkem inimesi seda mälestuspäevaks, vahendas History.com ja sellest sai 1971. aastal föderaalne püha.

2. Kohalikud teenused: Selle aasta Jersey City mälestuspäeva tähistatakse raamatukogu kaudu mälestuspäeva keskpäeval. Meisterseersant Jonathan V. Taylor ja JCFPLi härra Issac Green avaldavad austust sõjaväelastele ja -naistele, kes kaotasid teenistuses elu. Meister -seersant Jonathan V. Taylor on Wingi integreeritud vastupidavuse juht, määratud Oklahoma Tinkeri õhuväebaasi õhutõrje tiiva 552 juurde. Ta pakub integreeritud vastupanuvõime koolitust enam kui 4800 personalile ja hõlmab kolme geograafiliselt eraldatud üksust Idahos, Utahis ja Texases. Üritust saab otseülekandena edastada Facebookis.


Ajalooline jalutuskäik: Jersey City ajakirja väljaku juhend

Kui te peatute ja nuusutate lilli mööda rannapiirkonda Exchange Place'is või matkate läbi Hobokeni terminali, kas olete kunagi mõelnud, mis ajalugu teie jalge all on? See ei pruugi teile iga päev pähe tulla, kuid Hudsoni maakonnas on palju ajalugu, mida avastada just teie ukse taga. Kutsume teid jalutama ajas ja järgima meie kureeritud isejuhitud jalutuskäike, mis toovad esile kohalikud aarded ja ajaloo, et aidata teil tõeliselt avastada erinevaid linnaosasid kogu Hobokenis ja Jersey linnas. Kõigepealt ajakirjaväljak!

Sinna jõudmine

Ajakirja väljak on Jersey City naabruskond, ärikeskus ja transiidikeskus, mis asub Jersey linnas Bergeni avenüü ja Kennedy puiestee ristumiskohas. Ajakirja väljakule saate sõita ühistranspordiga PATH -rongi või bussiga. Kui tunnete end seiklushimulisena, kulub Jersey City kesklinnas asuvast Grove Street PATH jaamast umbes 30 -minutilise jalutuskäigu või Hobokeni transiiditerminalist JSQ -teele 45 minuti kaugusel.

Nime ajalugu

Piirkonda nimetati ajakirjaväljakuks, kuna Jersey Journali peakorter asus aastatel 1911–2013 otse väljakul. Jersey Journal on kohalik ajaleht, mis avaldas oma esimese väljaande 1867. aastal nime all Evening Journal. Alles 1909. aastal sai ajaleht Jersey Journalis tuntuks ja kajastas rohkem kultuuri- ja poliitilisi sündmusi kogu Hudsoni maakonnas. Peakorter, mis avati Jersey Citys 1911. aastal, ei asu enam Ajakirja väljakul, vaid on kohal elab edasi.

Ajakirja väljak täna

Piirkond sisaldab maakonna sotsiaalteenuseid, kohtumaja, mootorsõidukite osakonda ja mõnda kaupluseketti koos mõne uuema restoraniga. JSQ täna täieliku juhendi leiate meie artiklist Jersey City uurimine: ajakirja väljak.

Peatus nr 1: JSQ PATH Plaza <1 PATH Plaza>

Kuigi peatus nr 1 ei pruugi tunduda ajalooline või isegi põnev, viige end tagasi 14. aprillile 1912 ja kujutage ette, kui tähtis oleks olnud PATH -i transiidikeskus selle avamispäeval. Journal Square PATH Plaza pakub mitut transpordikeskust, sealhulgas PATH -rongi, mis opereerib Journal Square -33rd Street ja Newarki-Maailma Kaubanduskeskuse liinid ning bussijaam NJ Transit. See transporditerminal on Hudsoni maakonna ajaloo lahutamatu osa, kuna see võimaldas reisijatel reisida rannapiirkonda ja Manhattanile. PATH Plaza on koduks ka New Yorgi sadamaametile ja New Jersey peakorterile. Lõbus fakt: kui PATH Plaza algselt avati ja kuni aastani 1925 oli see tuntud kui Hudsoni ja Manhattani raudtee „Summit Avenue Station”.

Peatus nr 2: Jackie Robinsoni kuju

Peatusest nr 1 pole vaja lahkuda, vaadake lihtsalt ringi. PATH Plazast leiate Jackie Robinsoni kuju.

Jackie Robinson oli esimene Aafrika-Ameerika mees, kes mängis professionaalselt Major League Baseballis. He started his career in the MLB for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. But what links him specifically to Journal Square is that before he made it to the MLB, Jackie made his professional baseball debut on a triple AAA minor league team. His first-ever game as a Montreal Royal was at Roosevelt Field in Journal Square. Roosevelt Field was built in 1936 but demolished in 1982. It was the home field of local high school football and baseball teams, the Jersey City Giants and even the Brooklyn Dodgers for a handful of games. Needless to say, the legendary Jackie Robinson statue in JSQ honors the player who broke barriers for not just the sport of baseball, but all sports. The statue was crafted by a sculptor by the name of Susan Wagner and dedicated on February 26th, 1998 by the Jackie Robinson Foundation, in partnership with the city of Jersey City, the New Jersey Sports History Commission, the Port Authority, and others. The 14 foot tall, bronze statue has an inscription that reads: “A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives.”

Stop #3: The Stanley Theatre

There are two theaters in the neighborhood, but thankfully their names are quite visible on each building. Look for the theater with a copper facade, and you’ll find The Stanley Theater.

The Stanley Theater was built in 1928 to serve as a movie house and “vaudeville,” which is defined as “a type of entertainment popular in the U.S. in the early 20th century, featuring a mixture of specialty acts such as burlesque comedy and song and dance.” The theater was built in the classic Gothic-style and is a massive structure. The interior of the building is said to be quite extravagant — with a copper marquee greeting you at the entrance, followed by a grand staircase and impressive chandeliers. In fact, the largest chandelier in the home is from New York’s original Waldorf Astoria of the 1880s. The Stanley Theater has welcomed performers like The Three Stooges, Tony Bennett, Janis Joplin, Dolly Parton, and the Grateful Dead to its stage until the theater closed in 1978. Since 1983, the Theater has been owned by the Watch Tower Society for use as a Jehovah’s Witness Convention Hall.

Stop #4: The Landmark Loew’s Jersey Theatre

Off to the next theater, back past the PATH Plaza, we go!

The Loew’s Jersey Theater opened on September 28th, 1929, and was founded by Marcus Loew, who was also one of the founders of the MGM Studios. The ornate decor and structure of the building made for a $2MM investment and was what Loew considered one of his five “Wonder Theaters” in the New York City area for its grandiosity. The first show to ever play at the Loew’s Jersey Theater was Madame X, a live musical about a mother yearning to reunite with her son. Tickets cost only .35! Past and present, the Loew’s Theater is committed to showcasing a diverse set of programming, both film and stage performances, that speak to varying generations and cultures in the Hudson County community. In 1986, the Theater closed indefinitely. In 1993, it was purchased by an organization known now as “Friends of the Loews,” which relies on the help of volunteers to preserve and maintain the beauty of the space. In addition to showcasing movies and films, the Loew’s Theater has become the home of the Golden Door Film Festival, acts as a venue for corporate and fundraising events, and occasionally invites musicians to perform on their stage. Check out our article highlighting the Loew’s Theater after it celebrated its 90th-anniversary last year. According to recent news, Jersey City is moving forward on a $40 million renovation of the Theater, who is currently seeking a commercial operator.

Stop #5: Boulevard Drinks

Hop, skip or dance your way over from Stop #4 next door, and make sure you arrive on an empty stomach.

Arguably the most delicious piece of Journal Square history lies on the corner of Kennedy Boulevard and Bergen Avenue, just across the street from the PATH plaza. Boulevard Drinks has been serving up award-winning hot dogs to its loyal customers since 1937. That’s 83 years! This local and historical spot is known for its chili dogs. The proof is in the pudding, or in this case, the hot dog.

Stop #6: Van Wagenen Maja

Follow Bergen Avenue away from the PATH plaza. Make a right when you hit Academic Street and you’ll find Stop #6.

The Apple Tree House, also known as the Van Wagenen House, gained its name from the story of the 1780 meeting of General George Washington and Marquis de Lafayette during the American Revolution. Legends state that while camped in the village of Bergen for days, Washington and Lafayette dined in the yard of the house “underneath an apple tree” and discussed strategy for French naval intervention in the war. Today, it is currently used as office space for lectures, community meetings, and gatherings of the Jersey City Office of Cultural Affairs.

Stop #7: Jersey City Armory

Walk back down Academic Street towards the Waterfront until you reach Summit Avenue. Make a right and walk until you hit Montgomery Street and stumble upon Stop #7 .

The Jersey City Armory is home to the New Jersey National Guard and was built in 1937 . The armory also operates as a sports arena for high school and collegiate levels, most often for track and field, basketball, boxing, and mixed martial arts. A few fun facts: The Jersey City Armory was the home court for the New Jersey Nets inaugural season. Due to its massive size <175,000 square feet>, the Armory was often used as a film studio. A Bronx Tale <1993>filmed scenes there!

Stop #8: Jersey City and Harismus Cemetery

Walk uptown on Summit Avenue and make a right when you reach Magnolia Avenue.

The historic Jersey City and Harsimus Cemetery was created in 1829, although its historical significance draws back even further. The land is said to have been the site of battles of the Revolutionary War in the 1700s, and even an active Ammunition Bunker during the War of 1812. According to the website, the cemetery is the final resting place of thousands who lost their lives in the Revolutionary & Civil Wars, the War of 1812, the Spanish-American War, WWI, and WW II, forward, as well as home to our earliest Jersey City founders, leaders, residents, and legends. While the property had been neglected and abandoned for quite some time, in early 2008 a volunteer Board of Trustees was formed to maintain and preserve the cemetery. Earlier this year, NJ.com shared a wonderful story about the cemetery’s live-in caretaker, John Wilson, who has transformed the ground’s gardens from ruins to a thriving community space over the past 10 years in his role.

Stop #9: William L. Dickinson High School

From Stop #8, follow Newark Avenue until it hits Palisade Avenue and you’ll spot Stop #9.

Once called Jersey City High School, the monstrosity of a building opened its doors to students on September 6th, 1906 for the first time. At the time, local politicians pushed for the school’s opening in an effort to help alleviate a major city issue— overcrowded public schools. The school was renamed to William L. Dickinson High School in 1913 to celebrate and pay homage to the superintendent who had advocated for the school’s opening during his term between 1872-1833. Famous events held in Dickinson High School’s original, 2,000 seat auditorium include a lecture by Helen Keller and political rallies for United States Presidents Taft, Wilson, and Roosevelt.

The school is three stories high and recognizable by its Corinthian-style columns in the front of the building. The property sits atop Bergen Hill and overlooks downtown Jersey City. According to New Jersey City University research, the land where the high school resides is known to have been an ideal vantage point used by George Washington during the Revolutionary War as it allowed him and his troops to observe British movements in Paulus Hook as well as across the Hudson River in lower Manhattan. In 1813, an arsenal was built on the property to protect the NY Harbor from potential destruction and to house a hospital for soldiers.

Stop #10: Hudson County Courthouse or William J. Brennan Courthouse

Continue walking uptown on Newark Ave from Stop #9 until this big building comes into sight.

The six-story tall Hudson County Courthouse opened on September 10th, 1910. The courthouse was used as the primary government house in Hudson County until the Hudson County Administration Building opened in 1966. As the story goes, the building was up for demolition after years of vacancy. But in 1970, the building was listed under the National Register of Historic places thanks to the work of volunteers. From there, restoration on the courthouse began. In 1984, The Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders voted to rename the building to honor Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan Jr. Today, the courthouse has eight working courtrooms and holds the offices of the County Executive, the Hudson County Surrogate, and the Hudson County Bar Association. Fun fact: The courthouse has been filmed in multiple commercials, scenes in Law & Order, and The Joker!

Stop #11: Newkirk / Summit House

Walk down Baldwin Avenue from Stop #10, and make a right onto Magnolia Avenue. From there, make your way to Summit Street. When you arrive at Newkirk House, you’ll find yourself just a block away from where we started at Stop #1: the JSQ Path Plaza.

Known to be the oldest surviving structure in Hudson County, the Newkirk House is a two-story Dutch Colonial-style home that dates back to 1960. The building stands just outside of the boundaries of the historic village of Bergen that was originally home to Dutch settlers. The Newkirk House was a piece of real estate that remained in the Newkirk family from 1659 until 1889, when John Newkirk and his son Jacob, Hudson County freeholders, sold the property. It was then used as an orphanage, and later as a slew of retail businesses. It wasn’t until 1979 that the Newkirk House was listed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places. That same year, it became a restaurant known as the Summit House, which unfortunately closed in 2018. The building is vacant today.

Written by: Nicole Gittleman

Nicole is a born and bred Jersey girl. Originally from Bergen County, she's called Jersey City home since 2016. After years of working in NYC at marketing agencies for big brands, her entrepreneurial spirit led her to turn her side hustle into her day job. An all-around champion for small businesses, Nicole loves to shop, eat, drink, and share all things local to New Jersey on her Instagram page, @heynicoleraye. When she isn't curating content or networking, she can be found exploring NJ neighborhoods with her college sweetheart, whipping up a home-cooked meal, planning a get-together for her friends, redecorating her apartment, rooting for her favorite teams (go NJ Devils!), or plotting her next adventure.


Meie ajalugu

The longest continuous congregation in New Jersey is the Old Bergen Church in Jersey City. It began at the time of Dutch settlement in the area its more than 340-year history grants it a special place in the history of Jersey City.

In 1660, the settlers of the village of Bergen sought the founding of a place of worship. They began by holding services in a log schoolhouse and then decided to build a new structure for their congregation, the First Dutch Reformed Church. Shortly, in 1661, a burial ground and about four acres of land for a church were reserved for that purpose. They also started raising funds for the construction by collecting 417 guilders by taxation the following year.

In 1680, the octagonal, sandstone church with roof sloping to a point was constructed by William Day. It was located at the highest section of the Old Bergen Cemetery at Vroom Street, between Bergen and Tuers Avenues. A history of the church, describes the building as follows: “Its windows were quite high from the ground probably as much for protection from the Indians as to prevent the children from looking out during the services. The archways over the door and windows were ornamented with small bricks imported from Holland. The church was surmounted by a brass rooster used as a weathercock” (“Brief History of Old Bergen Church,” 2-3).

At the opening of the Old Octagonal Church on May 23, 1681, the Reverend Casper Van Zuiren from Long Island preached the first sermon. The congregation, consisting of members from the Bergen Township and Communipaw, eventually outgrew the Octagonal Church. Under its first regular pastor, Dominie William Jackson (1757-1793), the congregation built a second church on the southeast corner at Bergen Avenue and Vroom Street in 1773. It too was built of sandstone the weather vane from the previous church was attached to its spire. It was eventually placed on the cupola of the Columbian Academy, now the site of the Martin Luther King, Jr. School on Academy Street and Bergen Academy.

New Jersey colonists were divided in their sympathies during the Revolutionary War. Historian Richard McCormack claims that “The Conservative branch of the Dutch Reformed Church . . . was preponderantly Tory, especially in Bergen County (128).” However, the Reverend Jackson, a skilled orator, openly addressed his congregation about support for the patriots. His comments resulted in a personal reprimand before Lord Howe, the British Commander of New York. The Reverend John Cornelison (1793-1828) succeeded Jackson during his long tenure, Cornelison held services for slaves in his home, some becoming members of the congregation.

The third and present structure, now called the Old Bergen Church, was builtin 1841 on the site of the old parsonage and dedicated on July 14, 1842. Located on Bergen Avenue at Highland Avenue, it is one hundred yards from the earlier two buildings. The Greek Revival style one-story structure features a full-length portico with post supported by six columns in front of a brownstone façade. It was built by William H. Kirk and Company and Clark and Van Nest of Newark, New Jersey. In the center of the façade is the church tablet of white marble on black marble and inserted cornerstone. Also from the façade, two doors open to the vestibule. Stone from the 1773 church is embedded in the south wall of the church. Atop the church is a wooden belfry. Below the eave is a wooden facia around the roof line.

The interior has a balcony and features mahogany decor. The stained glass windows reveal the benefactors and founding members of the congregation and community. They were contributed by the Van Reypen, Newkirk, Van Horne, Sip, and Van Winkle families, among others. An original signed Louis Tiffany stained glass window is in the sanctuary. Until the early nineteenth century, church records and sermons were preserved in Dutch.

In 1900 a Sunday school was added at the northwest corner. A Memorial Chapel, constructed in 1959, honors the men and women of the congregation who served in the military during World War II. A meeting room, named for the Reverend Dr. Cornelius Brett (1876-1916) built in 1924, contains artifacts from the earlier churches. Among the items are two communion cups made from silver by Hendrikus Boele in 1730. They have been exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

In 1970, the Old Bergen Church and the Trinity United Presbyterian Church formed a union. The Trinity Church, which served the same area of Jersey City, was an outgrowth of the merger of the First Presbyterian Church founded in 1809) and the Westminster Presbyterian Church (founded in 1869). The new federated church retains the name “Old Bergen” Church.

In the 1980s, the Old Bergen Church helped to develop the Newport Interfaith Center sponsored by six denominations to a ddress the religious needs of Jersey City’s new residents at the Newport section of Jersey City. T he Chapel of Peace is also used by the new Filipino congregation of the Evangelical Methodist Church and the Asian Indian congregation of the Reformed (RCA) and Presbyterian (PCUSA)Churches.


Jersey City - History

Jersey City, NJ from
HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE
STATE OF NEW JERSEY
BY: JOHN W. BARBER and HENRY HOWE
PUBLISHED BY S. TUTTLE (NEW YORK) 1844

JERSEY CITY lies on the west hank of the Hudson, opposite New York, on a peninsula, the Indian name of which was Arese-heck. It was sometimes called, by the Dutch, Areseck-Houck. Soon after the arrival, in 1638, of William Kieft, Director-general of the Dutch West India Co., he had in his possession a farm, described as a lot of land called Paulus Hoeck, which is the first application of the name of Paulus Hook to this peninsula.

Powles Hook, from a very remote period, belonged to the Van Vorst family and in 1804 was vested in Cornelius Van Vorst. On the 10th Nov. 1804, an act to incorporate the Associates of the Jersey Co. was passed by the legislature of the state, to whom the title by this time was conveyed. On the 28th Jan. 1820, an act to incorporate the City of Jersey, in the county of Bergen, was passed under which, and the various supplements and amendments thereto since passed, this city has continued to this time.

The city, although small, is well laid out, with wide and commodious streets, and contains many large and elegant dwellings. It is the seat of justice for Hudson co., and a port of entry, annexed 1:o the collection ttistrict of New York, together with all that part of New Jersey lying north and east of Elizabethtown and Staten Island. It was a mere village at the time of its incorporation, in 1820, containing only about 300 inhabitants. It has since been very thriving, and now has a population of about 4,000. It contains 5 churches. of which the first-named is the oldest 1 Episcopal, 1 Reformed Dutch, 1 Congregational, 1 Methodist, and 1 Catholic a female academy, in fine repute, (Misses Edwards, principals) an excellent high-school for males, (W. L. Dickinson, Esq., principal) the American Pottery Co., who make beautiful deiftware the Jersey City Glass Co., conducted by Phineas C. Dummer & Co., which employs 100 hands, and manufactures plain and cut glass 1 newspaper printing-office, 3 lumber-yards, 2 ironfoundries, and many stores and mechanic shops. The city is well lighted with street-lamps.

This is now the principal starting-point of the great line of southern travel. The New Jersey railroad commences here, and, in connection with other railroads, extends to Philadelphia. The Paterson and Hudson railroad also commences at this place, diverging from the New Jersey railroad at Bergen Hill thence running to Paterson, a distance of 16½ miles. This road will ultimately ex tend amd unite with the Eric railroad, in which event this city will be vastly benefited. The Morris canal also terminates at J ersey City, after pursuing a circuitous route, from the Delaware river, of 101 miles. In its course it has a total rise and fall of 1669 feet, which is overcome by locks and inclined planes. The summit level is 915 feet above the Atlantic ocean. From the magnitude of the public works terminating at this point, Jersey City must fast increase in importance and population, being closely allied to New York, (distant one mile,) with which communication is had every 15 minutes, by a line of excellent ferry-boats, nowhere4surpassed.

In the war of the revolution, the spot where Jersey City now stands was an outpost of the British army, during their occupancy of New York. Their fort on Powles Hook, as the place was then called, was located near the building lately used by the Morris Canal and Banking Co., for their banking-house, at the corner of Grand and Greene sts. The graveyard was near the site of the Episcopal church. In grading the streets, a few years since, in that neighborhood, human remains were disinterred, together with a variety of military relics. In the latter part of the summer of 1779, this fortress was surprised by Maj. Lee the following account of which is from Marshall's Life of Washington:

While Sir Henry Clinton continued encamped just above Haerlem, with his upper posts at Kingsbridge, and the American army preserved its. station in the Highlands, a bold plan was formed for surprising a British post at Powles Hook, which was executed with great address by Maj. Lee.

This officcr was employed on the west side of the river, with directions to observe the situation of the British in Stony Point, but, principally, to watch the motions of their main army. While his parties scoured the country, he obtained intelligence which suggested the idea of surprising and carrying off the garrison at Powles Hook, immediately opposite the town of New York, penetrating deep into the river. On the point nearest New York, some works had been constructed, which were garrisoned by four or five hundred men.

A deep ditch, into which the water of the river flowed, having over it a drawbridge connected with a barred gate, had been cut across the istlunus, so as to make the Hook, in reality, an island. This ditch could be passed only at low water. Thirty feet within it was a row of abattis running into the river and sonic distance in front of it is a creek, fordable only in two places.

This difficulty of access, added to the remoteness of the nearest corps of the American army, impressed the garrison with the opinion that they were perfectly secure and this opinion produced an unmilitary remissness in the commanding officer, which did not escape the vigilance of Lee.

On receiving his communication, Gen. Washington was inclined to favor the enterprise they suggested but withheld his full assent until he was satisfied that the assailants would be able to make good their retreat.

The Hackensack, which communicates with the waters of the Hudson below New York, runs ahnost parallel with that river quite to its source, and is separated from it only a few miles. This neck is still further narrowed by a deep creek which divides it, and empties into the Hackensack below Fort Lee. West of that river runs the Passaic, which unites with it near Newark, and forms another long and narrow neck of land. From Powies Hook to the new bridge, the first place where the Hackensack could be crossed without boats, the distance is fourteen miles and from the North river to the road leading from the one place to the other, there are three points of interception, the nearest of which is less than two miles, and the farthest not more than three. The British were encamped in full force along the North river, opposite to the points of interception. To diminish the danger of the retreat, it was intended to occupy the roads leading through the mountains of the Hudson, to the Hackensack, with a select body oLtroops.

Every preparatory arrangement being made, the night of the 18th of August was fixed on for the enterprise. A detachment from the division of Lord Stirling, including 300 men, designed for the expedition, was ordered down as a foraging party. As there was nothing unusual in this movement, it excited no suspicion. Lord Stirling followed with 500 men, and encamped at the new bridge.

Maj. Lee, at the head of 300 men, took the road through the mountains, which ran parallel to the North river and, having secured all the passes into York island, reached the creek which surrounds the Hook, between two and three in the morning. He passed first the creek, and then the ditch, undiscovered, and about three in the morning entered the main work and, with the loss of only two killed and three wounded, made 159 prisoners, including three officers. Very few of the British were killed. Maj. Sutherland, who commanded the garrison, threw himself, with 40 or 50 Hessians, into a strong redoubt, which it was thought unadvisable to attack, because the time occupied in carrying it might endanger the retreat. Wasting no time in destroying what could easily be replaced, Maj. Lee hastened to bring off his prisoners and his detachment.

To avoid the danger of retreating up the narrow neck of land which has already been described, some boats had been brought, in the course of the night, to Dow's Ferry, on the Hackensack, not far from Powles Hook. The officer who guarded them was direct.. cd to remain until the arrival of the troops engaged in the expedition, which, it was understood, would happen before day. The light having made its appearance without any intelligence from Maj. Lee, the officer having charge of the boats conjectured that the attack had been postponed and, to avoid discovery, retired with them to Newark. The head of the retreating column soon afterward reached the ferry and, fatigued as they were by the toilsome march of the preceding night, were compelled to pass as rapidly as possible up the narrow neck of land, between the two rivers, to the new bridge. A horseman was dispatched, with this information, to Lord Stirling, and the line of march was resumed.

About in the preceding evening, Maj. Buskirk had been detached up the North river, with a considerable part of the garrison of Powles Hook, and some other troops, for the purpose ol falling in with the American party, supposed to be foraging about the English Neighborhood.

On receiving intelligence of the disappointment respecting the boats, Lord Stirling tock the precaution to detach Col. Ball, with 200 fresh men, to meet Lee, and cover his retreat. Just after Ball had passed, Buskirk entered the main road, and fired on his rear. Taking it for granted that this was only the advanced corps of a large detachment, sent to intercept the party retreating from Powles Hook, Ball made a circuit to avoid the enemy and Buskirk, finding a detachment be had not expected, took the same measure to secure his own retreat. The two parties, narrowly missing each other, returned to their respective points of departure and Lee reached the new bridge without interruption.

This critical enterprise reflected much honor on the partisan with whom it originated, and by whom it was conductcd. Gen. Washington announced it to the army, in his orders, with ]nuch approbation and congress bestowed upon it a degree of applause more adapted to the talent displayed in performing the service than to its magnitude.


Stanley Theatre

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Additional Info

Phone Numbers: Box Office: 201.377.3100

Nearby Theaters

Built as the flagship of the Stanley-Fabian chain, the massive and ornate Stanley Theatre was the 6th largest movie palace in the country at the time of its opening. It was also the 2nd largest Atmospheric style movie theatre ever built in the USA, and ultimately the 11th largest movie theatre ever built in America.

The Stanley Theatre was opened on March 28, 1928 with the feature film &ldquoThe Dove&rdquo starring Norma Tallmadge and Gilbert Roland. The supporting progam included a stage show entitled &ldquoSky Blues&rdquo, a newsreel and selections played on the &lsquoMighty&rsquo Wurlitzer organ (Opus 1836, type SP-3M, 3 manual, 27 ranks). Actress Norma Talmadge appeared &lsquoin person&rsquo on opening night.

Passing under the enormous copper marquee, and the polished brass doors topped with intricate stained glass windows, one enters a spacious three-story lobby with Corinthian columns, a grand central staircase with tromp l'oeil alabaster handrails, elaborate railings, medallions, and stained glass windows overlooking the outer foyer. The lobby is topped with an Atmospheric style ceiling, from which hang two enormous chandeliers, the larger one (13 feet tall, 10 feet wide) originally hung in the original 1893-built, Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, New York.

The auditorium is literally an acre of seats set in a Venice courtyard, with an 85-foot high Atmospheric style &lsquosky&rsquo ceiling and a proscenuim arch based on the Rialto Bridge in Venice, Italy. Marble for the columns came from Italy, Texas and Vermont. Ones eyes will feast on a wealth of ornate arches, columns, balusters, urns, terra cotta, decorative plasterwork, marble columns in green, orange and cream, topped with pediments tastefully decked out in gold leaf. The proscenium is an imposing white stone arch with a beautiful frieze in beige and white. Above is an enormous expanse of smooth plaster arching 85 feet over the auditorium providing the Atmospheric style ceiling, complete with twinkling stars and clouds slowly drifting across, courtesy of the Bronkfort Brenograph projector.

Most of the seats are in the orchestra, with the remainder in a relatively shallow balcony. This coupled with the relatively low ceiling gives a wide and open feel to the space, adding to the serene, outdoor setting in a most convincing way.

For some years, the Stanley Theatre had stage shows to accompany the film presentations, and many of the greatest stars of their day, from Tony Bennett to The Three Stooges made appearances. The Stanley-Fabian chain was acquired by Warner Brothers in late-1928, and the Stanley Theatre remained a Warner Bros. operated theatre until the anti-trust decree of the late-1940&rsquos forced studios to divest themselves of their theatres. The chain was spun off as Stanley-Warner, later becoming acquired by RKO.

The Stanley Theatre continued as a premier movie venue for decades - even in the early-1960&rsquos it was still a place to get &lsquodressed up for&rsquo. The engagement of &ldquoWhatever Happened to Baby Jane?&rdquo, starring Bette Davis and Joan Crawford broke all attendance records. Through the 1960&rsquos, the Stanley Theatre struggled (as did all movie palaces) with the rush to the suburbs and the growth of television. It became a fairly popular spot for major concerts (including the Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin, Tony Bennett etc.) but movie attendance dropped drastically, and the building became quite deteriorated, suffering from water damage, peeling plaster, ill-advised &lsquorefreshing&rsquo (i.e. painting all the metal grillework glossy blue, selling the organ and most of the lobby furniture). It became dark and dingy, with the balcony and the front of the orchesta seats closed off. Finally, it could hold on no longer and was closed on April 20, 1978.

As mentioned above, the &lsquoMighty&rsquo Wurlitzer organ was sold off in the early-1970&rsquos, and is currently very active entertaining school groups and concertgoers at the Van Andel City Museum in Grand Rapids, MI.

For several years, the fate of the Stanley Theatre looked quite grim - downtonwn had seriously declined as a shopping destination, there was no future seen for these beloved movie palaces (several prominent ones were torn down at that time, including the Metropolitan Theatre, Baltimore, the Alhambra Theatre, Cleveland, Keith&rsquos Theatre, Washington and the Rialto Theatre, Chicago. For a time it looked as if the Stanley Theatre would meet the same fate.

However, in one of the most significant movie palace restorations ever, it was purchased by the Watchtower Bible and Tract society in 1983 to be restored as a regional Jehovah&rsquos Witnesses Assembly Hall. The Witnesses then set about on a massive and sensitive restoration project, entirely undertaken by thousands of volunteers, to completely clean, repair and restore the building to its original appearance. Fortunately, despite the years of neglect, the Stanley Theatre was virtually intact, having never been multiplexed or converted into other uses.

Plaster was repaired and rebuilt to original appearance and colors, as were the chandeliers, marble columns, stained glass, railings and the Atmospheric style ceiling. The massive marquee was restored and polished to its original brilliant copper hue so were the original ticket booths and heavy brass doors the metal is polished on a regular basis. The courtyard setting of the auditorium is simply breathtaking, in its original colors unlike many movie palaces which are bright and flashy, this space is restrained and elegant, with a sophisticated color palette that doesn&rsquot jump out at you until you are close and can see the many colors and shades that combine to create the beautiful esthetics.

There were only minimal changes necessary for the building to accomodate the religious needs of the new owners. Because of the readings done during services, the ceiling was painted white and lighted with brilliant halogen lighting, to good effect. The allegorical murals which were originally painted by Hungarian artist Willy Pogany, and were located on the walls of the lobby area, were said to have deteriorated beyond repair, and they were replaced by beautiful painted scenes more appropriate for a house of worship. The orchestra pit was converted into a baptismal pool. A slightly darker patch in the ceiling near the proscenium arch hides the sound system. After nine months of restoration provided by over 5,000 church members, the new Assembly Hall opened in August 1985, and has been the site for their religious conventions ever since. In more recent years, the Assembly purchased the space next door to the theatre and built an addition, to provide for more meeting rooms and offices.

The Assembly Hall/Stanley Theatre is open for free tours throughout the weekdays, conducted by courteous and knowledgeable volunteer tour-guides (these must be pre-booked via e-mail or telephone at least a couple of days in advance tour times are between 8am-noon and 1pm-4:15pm). The tours are extensive and include a DVD presentation of the building&rsquos history and the Assembly&rsquos mission, and includes a complementary pack of postcards of the building. They will also lower the lights and turn on the stars and clouds during the slide presentation. Everyone is welcome to attend the weekend services, although they wont be able to give formal tours or demonstate the stars and clouds at that time.

The staff are very interested in further documenting the history of the Stanley Theatre&rsquos early years, and encourage anyone with historical information or personal memories to contact them via e-mail: or on the telephone number above.


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